Substitution Guide

canningWhen I’m cooking, I am constantly discovering that I’m out of something I need. So, I have been collecting lists of items that have substitution and put together this handy guide for use in my own kitchen. I hope it helps you too!

Everything is listed in alphabetical order to make it easier to search. Need a substitution you don’t see? Have one I should add? Let me know!

 

Item Amount Substitution
Allspice 1 tsp 1/2 tsp Cinnamon + 1/2 tsp Ground Cloves
Arrowroot Starch 1 1/2 tsp 1 tsp flour
OR 1 1/2 tsp Cornstarch
Baking Powder 1 tsp 1/3 tsp Baking Soda + 1/2 tsp Cream of Tartar
OR 1/4 tsp Baking Soda + 1/2 cup Buttermilk
Broth, Beef
or Chicken
1 cup 1 Boullion Cube + 1 cup water
OR 1 envelope powdered Broth in 1 cup water
OR 1 tsp powdered Broth in 1 cup water
Butter 1 cup 7/8 to 1 cup Hydrogenated Fat + 1/2 tsp salt
OR 7/8 cup Lard plus 1/2 tsp salt
OR 1 cup margarine
Catsup 1 cup 1 cup Tomato Sauce + 1/2 cup Sugar + 2 tsp Vinegar
Chili Sauce 1 cup 1 cup Tomato Sauce + 1/4 cup Brown Sugar + 2 tsp Vinegar + 1/4 tsp Cinnamon + dash of Ground Cloves and Allspice
Chocolate,
Semi-Sweet
1 2/3 oz. 1 oz. Unsweetened Chocolate + 4 tsp Sugar
Chocolate,
Semi-Sweet Chips
6 oz. pkg 2 squares Unsweetened Chocolate + 2 tsp Shortening + 1/2 cup Sugar
Chocolate,
Unsweetened
1 oz. 3 T Cocoa + 1 T Fat
Cocoa 1/4 cup OR 4 T 1 square Chocolate, decrease Fat by 1/2 T
Corn Syrup 1 cup 1 c. Sugar + 1/4 c. liquid (from recipe)
OR 1 c. Honey
Cornstarch 1 T 2 T all-purpose flour
OR 2 T granular Tapioca
Cream, Whipped 2 cups 13 oz. Evaporated Milk chilled for 12 hours + 1 tsp Lemon Juice, whipped
Egg Yolk 2 Yolks 1 whole Egg
Flour,
All-Purpose
1 cup 1 cup + 2 tbs cake flour
OR 1 1/2 cup Bread Crumbs
OR 1 cup Rolled Oats
OR 1/3 cup Cornmeal + 2/3 cup All-Purpose Flour
Flour,
Cake
1 cup 1 c. minus 2 T. all-purpose flour + 2 T. Cornstarch. Sift well.
Flour,
Self-Rising
1 cup 1 cup minus 2 tsp All-Purpose Flour + 1 1/2 tsp Baking Powder + 1/2tsp Salt
Flour,
Wheat
1 cup 1 c. Corn Flour
OR 3/4 c. Corn Meal (course)
OR 1 1/2 c. ground Rolled Oats
Gelatin,
Flavored
3 oz. 1 tbs plain gelatin + 2 cups Fruit Juice
Honey 1 cup 1 1/4 cup Granulated Sugar + 1/4 liquid (from recipe)
Lemon Juice 1 T 1 tbs Distilled Vinegar
OR 1/2 tsp Vinegar
Maple Sugar 1/2 cup 1 cup Maple Syrup
Mayonnaise 1 cup 1/2 cup Yogurt + 1/2 cup Mayonnaise
OR 1 cup Sour Cream
OR 1 cup Cottage Cheese pureed in blender
Marshmallow,
Mini
1 cup 10 large Marshmallows
Marshmallow,
Mini
10 1 large Marshmallow
Milk,
Buttermilk
1 cup 1 cup plain Yogurt
OR 1 cup minus 1 tbs regular milk + 1 tbs Lemon Juice or Vinegar
Milk,
Skim
1 cup 1/3 cup non-fat Dry Milk + 3/4 cup water
Milk,
Sweetened
1 cup 1/3 cup Evaporated Milk + 3/4 cup Sugar + 2 tbs Butter, heated
OR add 1 cup + 2 tbs Dry Milk to 1/2 cup Water. Add 3/4 cup Sugar. Stir
Milk,
Whole
1 cup 1/2 cup Evaporated Milk + 1/2 cup water
OR 1/4 cup Non-Fat Dry Milk + 2 tsp Butter + 7/8 cup Water
Molasses 1 cup 3/4 cup Granulated Sugar
Mushrooms,
Fresh
1 lb 12 oz. Canned Mushrooms, drained
Orange 1 med. 6-8 tbs orange juice
Shortening,
Melted
1 cup 1 cup cooking oil
Sour Cream 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt
OR 1 cup buttermilk
OR 1 cup cottage cheese
Sugar,
Brown
1 cup 1 cup granulated sugar + 2 T molassess
Sugar,
Granulated
1 cup 1 1/3 cup Brown Sugar
OR 1 cup Corn Syrup less 1/4 cup liquid in recipe
Tomatoes (Fresh) 2 cups 1 16oz. can, drained
Tomato Juice 1 cup 1/2 cup Tomato Sauce plus 1/2 cup water
OR 2 oz. Tomato Paste + 6 oz. water
Tomato Sauce 1 cup 1 can (3 oz.) Tomato Paste + 1/2 cup Water
Yeast,
Active-Dry
1 tbs 1 Cake Yeast (comp.)
OR 1 pkg. (1/4 oz.) Active-Dry Yeast
Yogurt 1 cup 1 cup Buttermilk
OR 1 cup Cottage Cheese
OR 1 cup Sour Cream